Skip to content
Home » Blog » Medical Information » What Is Traumatic Brain Injury?

What Is Traumatic Brain Injury?

Posted in on November 22, 2019

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem in the United States. Each year, traumatic brain injuries contribute to a substantial number of deaths and cases of permanent disability. There are an estimated 2.8 million TBI-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths in the US every year, including over 800,000 of these health events among children. We spoke to Dr. Chris Keirnan, a Denver Chiropractor at the Advanced Spine Rehab Center about Traumatic Brain Injury.

A TBI is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Not all blows or jolts to the head result in a TBI. The severity of a TBI may range from “mild,” i.e., a brief change in mental status or consciousness to “severe,” i.e., an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the injury.

The CDC’s research and programs work to prevent TBI and help people better recognize and diagnose individual cases.

• In 2014, there were approximately 2.5 million TBI-related ED visits in the U.S., including over 812,000 among children.
• Unintentional falls, being unintentionally struck by or against an object, and motor vehicle crashes were the most common mechanisms of injury contributing to a TBI diagnosis in the ED. These three principal mechanisms of injury accounted for 47.9%, 17.1%, and 13.2%, respectively, of all TBI-related ED visits.
• Rates of TBI-related ED visits per 100,000 population were highest among older adults aged ≥ 75 years (1,682.0), young children aged 0-4 years (1,618.6), and individuals 15-24 years (1,010.1).

 

TBI-ED Visits

Trends in Age-adjusted Rates of TBI-related Emergency Department Visits

Age-adjusted rates of TBI-related ED visits increased 54% from 521.6 per 100,000 population in 2006 to 801.9 in 2014. An increase in age-adjusted rates occurred among nearly all of the major unintentional and intentional principal mechanism categories, including:

• 24% increase for TBI-related ED visits as a result of motor vehicle crashes (from 85.3 to 106);
• 80% increase for TBI-related ED visits as a result of falls (from 208.8 to 374.9);
• 58% increase for TBI-related ED visits as a result of being struck by or against an object (from 90.8 to 143.9);
• 60% increase for TBI-related ED visits ED visits as a result of intentional self-harm (from 0.5 to 0.8); and
• 18% increase for TBIs as a result of assault (from 57.6 to 67.8).

Dr. Chris Keirnan

Dr. Keirnan was born and raised in Florida. While acquiring his Doctor of Chiropractic degree from Life University in Atlanta, he was introduced to the technique of Chiropractic BioPhysics. Right away he was drawn to the science and precision of this technique. He practiced for 3 years in Atlanta and almost 5 years in Asheville, NC before finding his way west to settle in Denver in 2014. Dr. Keirnan is the resident Chiropractor at the Advanced Spine Rehab Center in Denver, CO.

Free Case Consultation

No risk and no cost to you or your family

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.
Super Lawyers - Kyle Bachus
Super Lawyers - Darin Schanker
Million Dollar Advocates Forum
The National Trial Lawyers Top 100 Trial Lawyer
5280 Top Lawyers of Denver
Martindale-Hubbell Peer Rated for Highest Level of Professional Excellence
Expertise award: Best car accident lawyers in colorado springs
Super Lawyers - Kyle Bachus
Million Dollar Advocates Forum
Martindale-Hubbell Peer Rated for Highest Level of Professional Excellence
Super Lawyers - Darin Schanker
The National Trial Lawyers Top 100 Trial Lawyer
5280 Top Lawyers of Denver
Expertise logo: best car accident lawyers in Colorado Springs