Posted in on May 24, 2018

Common Injuries From Rear-End Car Accidents

When bumper-to-bumper traffic leads to a fender bender, your bills and insurance rates go up, and your income goes down. Even at five miles per hour, a rear-end car accident can do significant damage to your skeletal structure and nerves, which means you may lose time or mobility to work. These are often replaced with excruciating pain and costly recovery.

Keep reading to learn the common injuries and symptoms associated with rear-end car accidents.

Causes of Rear-End Car Accidents:

Environmental factors such as rain and sun glare can contribute to rear-end car accidents, but you can easily avoid the following behaviors to keep yourself free from liability:

  • Roadside distractions (such as billboards, construction, or accidents)
  • Frequent lane changes
  • Aggressive driving (tailgating, honking, etc.)
  • Drunk/drowsy driving
  • Racing/speeding of any kind
  • Cell phone usage

Most Common Injuries from Rear-End Car Accidents

When another driver runs into the back of your car, you rarely see it coming. Because your body is unprepared, you’re much more likely to experience violent jerking upon impact. When your muscles aren’t contracted, lacerations, swelling, and bruising are more common and more consequential.

Common fender bender injuries and their symptoms include the following:

  • Soft Tissue Injury: 
    • Cause: Sudden snapping/jolting
    • Effect: Flexion and extension (e.g.: whiplash)
    • You may experience shoulder blade and neck pain, headaches, dizziness, or impaired vision.
  • Herniation:
    • Cause: Trauma
    • Effect: Torn outer fiber (e.g.: lower spinal discs)
    • You may experience numbness, tingling, and paralysis. Intense back pain is common and can present itself in your legs, feet, or knees.
  • Brain Injury
    • Cause: Direct impact to your skull
    • Effect: Cerebral swelling against your skull
    • You may experience unconsciousness, dizziness, chronic fatigue, abnormal behavior or cognitive performance, or impaired speech. These can lead to permanent brain damage, strokes, seizures, or death.
  • Broken Bones
    • Cause: Excessive force
    • Effect: Reduced functionality. Broken bones can also lead to organ injury and even bone fusion. The latter can eventually deform your limbs.
    • You may experience pain and immobility in your hands, spine, ribcage, feet, or skull.
  • Concussion
    • Cause: Head striking dashboard or windshield
    • Effect: Bleeding around the brain
    • You may experience headaches, blurred vision, dizziness, poor concentration or memory, and sensitivity to sounds and light. Keep yourself under 24-hour surveillance from a friend, family member, or medical professional.
  • Facial Disfigurement 
    • Cause: Broken bones in the face
    • Effect: Expensive and extensive surgeries for the affected area (e.g.: cheekbone, jaw, detached retina)
    • You may experience excessive pain and noticeable deformities.

The shock of a car accident causes adrenaline to take over your body, so any initial pain is dulled and you may not realize the full scope of your injuries for several weeks. If you seek medical attention immediately, you improve your odds for full recovery (and insurance claims).

Factors in Rear-End Car Accidents

It’s important to take pictures at the scene of a car accident and keep track of your medical records to account for your damages and identify the at-fault driver. These variables influence the severity of damage incurred in a car accident:

  • Type, weight, and speed of vehicles
  • Location and direction of vehicle’s impact

How to Prevent Rear-End Car Accident Injuries

What safety measures you take and how well you employ them while driving can prevent and minimize your injuries in a car accident:

  • Adjust headrests: Prevents your head from rolling backwards over the top of your seat, worsening hyperextension.
  • Grip the steering wheel: Braces your head, neck, and back from jolting. However, this can dislocate the driver’s shoulder in the event of significant force.
  • Check airbags: Ensures proper deflation to restrain your body from hitting the windscreen (only over 20 mph). However, they may burn your face or scalp, or break your nose or ribs when they deploy.
  • Use seatbelts: Prevents ejection and lowers the risk of serious injury by 50 percent.

 If you need help identifying who is at fault in a rear-end collision, contact the Denver car accident attorneys at Bachus & Schanker, LLC.

 

Sources:

https://www.arrowheadclinic.com/category/blog/common-injuries-associated-with-rear-end-car-accidents

 https://www.coloradolaw.net/blog/whiplash-symptoms/

https://www.coloradolaw.net/blog/whiplash-pain/

https://www.coloradolaw.net/blog/car-accident-pain/

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